Hemp and marijuana are from the same plant (Cannabaceae), and their difference is understood by the amount of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) they contain. According to the Agricultural Act of 2018, Cannabis has more than 0.3 %, where Hemp is below.
The cannabis plant has over 130 known compounds called cannabinoids. Each cannabinoid has unique medicinal benefits and effects, and below are the most widely considered and used.
THC is associated with the 'high' in Cannabis; its effects can include feelings of euphoria and well-being. Medicinally it reduces anxiety, spasms, nausea, pain and inflammation, and nerve damage.
CBD doesn't get you 'high,' but the effects can include feelings of relaxation and well-being. It benefits arthritis, diabetes, PTSD, insomnia, arthritis, digestive disorders, glaucoma, and MS.
CBN is another compound in Cannabis, with effects in between CBD and THC. Like an aspirin, a non-narcotic analgesic (pain-killer) but three times as more potent. It has a calming and soothing effect and benefits inflammation, insomnia, nausea, and is an antioxidant.
Hemp grows faster than trees and other crops and is more sustainable. Besides its medicinal uses, it is used to create different products like paper, clothing, textiles, animal feed, plastic, and food products like hemp seeds, milk, protein powder, and oils. Additionally, it is considered very nutritious, being a complete protein and high in fiber.
Cannabis is illegal under federal law, but some of the states do have more relaxed laws. It is legal under a doctor's prescription in 36 states, and the recreational use of Cannabis is legalized in 17 states. In addition, some related products have FDA approval with a doctor's prescription, and Hemp and CBD are legal.
Cannabis (bhaṅgā) has a long history of use in Ayurveda and grows wildly in the Himalayas. Its Ayurvedic qualities are; Sweet, warm, damp, and oily which is reducing for Vata. It is classified as a toxic substance by ancient Ayurvedic herbal texts, but has healing properties after a purification process.
When the British came to India, the use of Cannabis was so widespread that they commissioned a large-scale study known as the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission Report of 1894. The report was to look into the cultivation of the cannabis plant, preparation of drugs from it, trade-in those drugs, the social and moral impact of its consumption, and possible prohibition. Since then, sales of bhang are government-authorized with the issuance of a permit for vendors.