In Ayurveda, all foods, herbs, spices, and beverages are understood by their energetics and how they affect the body, mind, and spirit according to your doshic balance (constitution). These categories used to understand these energies are taste (rasa) which include one or more of the six tastes (sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter, or astringent). These have a hot, warm, cold, or cool effect on the body, known as (virya). Finally, have a post-digestive impact on digestion in the small intestine and colon.
Lemons and limes are very similar overall but have some differences that make them more beneficial for the doshas.
Rasa (taste): Sour & Sweet
Virya (energy): Heating
Vipaka (post-digestive): Sour
Reduces Vata and increases Pitta and Kapha.
Bio-medicals: Immune building boosts immunity, alkalizing, neutralizes pH. in the stomach, antacid, antiviral, antibacterial, antioxidant, antitumor, detoxificant, and alterative.
Rasa (taste): Sour & Bitter
Virya (energy): Cooling
Vipaka (post-digestive): Sweet
Reduce Vata and Pitta, increases Kapha
Bio-medicals: Antibacterial, antiseptic, disinfectant, nutrient, reduces tartare and bleachesteeth, reduces urinary calcium, increases bile flow, and benefits fat digestion.